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Comedy is a game that is won by the clever ones. To be successful, you must know how to take advantage of opportunities and have a plan, yet be able to adapt quickly to changing situations. Luck and instinct play roles in comedy. Chance changes how things play out.

Act II: Comedy and Tragedy

Traits of a comedy: luck at winning the game, skill at winning the game, there are always options, and comic relief/uncouth characters
Traits of a tragedy: the characters go against the universe, society, and the fact that their fate is out of their control

Examples of comedy:
-Luck at winning: Romeo was lucky that the Friar was willing to marry him and Juliet even though it went against society
Explination: Romeo and Juliet are lucky that Friar Lawrence agrees to marry them. Normally he wouldn't marry a couple in their position because one is a montague and the other is a capulet. Based on who there familys are they're supposed to be enemies. It goes against society for them to get married, and changes what's "normal". All odds are aginst them, but luckily Friar Lawrence doesn't deny them but instead he sees this as an oppurtunity to make peace between the Montagues and the Capulets. (Will)
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-Skill at winning: Both Romeo and Juliet manipulated the people they were around to do what they wanted them to do, for example, Juliet got the nurse to go across town to talk to Romeo, and Romeo persuaded the Friar to marry him and Juliet.

*At this point in the play the whole "game" was for Romeo and Juliet to get married and technically they have won the game.

-Options: Romeo and Juliet were not forced to get married. They could have walked out at any moment but they chose to stay together.

-Comic Relief and Uncouth Characters: All of scene four is comic relief from scene two where Romeo and Juliet decide to get married. The nurse still remains an uncouth character, but Mercutio also emerges as another uncouth character especially when compared to Romeo.

Examples of Tragedy:
-Characters going against the universe:
There are a lot of examples in scene two.
"O speak again bright angel." (sacrilege)
"I have night's cloak to hide me." (night/dark are good)
"Swear by thy gracious self, which is the god of my idolatry." (sacrilege)
"O blessed, blessed night!" (night/dark are good)

-Characters going against sociey:
Romeo and Juliet didn't follow society's rule of crying the bands, where they have to announce three Sundays in a row that they are going to get married.

-Fate is out of their control:
There many examples of foreshadowing that support this:
Romeo: "Do thou but close our hands in marriage with holy words, then love-devouring death do what he dare, it is enought I may but call her mine."
Friar: "These violent delights have violent ends."


Comedy and Tragedy in Act III